1. Asthma is the most common chronic inflammatory condition in Children characterized by reversible small airway obstruction, Smooth muscle contraction in the wall of airway; edema and mucous production are the contributing factors for the obstruction. The above change in airway usually follows a stimulating agent which originates from gene-environment interaction that may start in early life and even during pregnancy.
  2. The initiating or stimulating causes are usually allergens like cold air, perfumes, high humidity and most commonly viruses like viruses causing common cold or cigarette smoke and many others.
  3. Asthma comes in a form of attack and causes symptoms like persistent coughing, shortness of breath and a musical sound in the chest called wheezing which is because of airway narrowing.
  4. Breast feeding especially in first 4-6 months of life seems to be protective against later asthma.
  5. Early complimentary or solid feeding in infant may put the children at high risk for developing allergy (atopic dermatitis and asthma)
  6. Vitamin D intake through diet, sunlight or supplementation may be beneficial in the prevention of asthma.
  7. Antibiotic use has been shown to be associated with development of asthma in the later stage of life especially the use of broad spectrum antibiotic in 1styear of life.
  8. Maternal smoking both during pregnancy and after birth is associated with measurable harmful effect, including greater risk of developing asthma symptoms in early life.
  9. Respiratory viral illness during early life has been associated with as increase likelihood of asthma.
  10. The connection of asthma with psychological aspects seems logical because data showing a connection between stress and immune cells of the human being.

Dr. Hossein Sardari-Zadeh
Specialist Pediatrician
Armada Medical Centre
Tel: 04-3990022